“In this rare clip from 1972, legendary psychiatrist and Holocaust-survivor Viktor Frankl delivers a powerful message about the human search for meaning — and the most important gift we can give others.”
A poignant tale of how the players of the very talented Yugoslavian National Basketball team coped with the tumultuous political changes their country underwent.
The same predicament befell the Indian Hockey team in 1947, when Pakistan got formed.
Below content is courtesy — http://www.harisinghnalwa.com/legends.html
In her book Hari Singh Nalwa ― Champion of the Khalsaji, Vanit Nalwa observes:
Feminine apparel for Pashtuns
In accordance with the teaching of their Guru, the Sikhs did not attack the defenceless or the weak. this included children, women, mendicants and the elderly. Sardar Hari Singh Nalwa advised the Pathans that one way they could escape the wrath of an infuriated Sikh was to dress as a woman. In the Punjab, the shalwar kameez is feminine apparel. The shalwar is a loose trouser with a stiff border at the ankle, while the kameez was a loose shirt falling to the knees. In India, this dress came to popularly be known as the ‘Punjabi suit’. In Pakistan and Afghanistan, men still wear its variant–the ”Pathan suit’.
The following is the gist of an open letter written by Miangul Aurangzeb, the present Wali of Swat, to the Taliban when the Taliban were preaching and enforcing strict dress and conduct codes for the women in the areas that fell under their control.
“At the outset I want to record that you all must love me very much as you have decided not to take over my property in Swat unlike those you have taken over of other landed families. I am therefore emboldened to believe that I have the privilege of sharing some historical facts for you to know about and I urge you to absorb the same before you continue your campaign of moral policing, especially when it comes to the manner of dressing and code of conduct for women.
The Sikh army of Maharaja Ranjit Singh, under the leadership of Hari Singh Nalwa came to the Frontier in the 1820’s and swiftly conquered our ancestors. It is the only time in recorded history that our people were ruled over by foreigners. The locals were so utterly terrified of the Sikh army that they used to hide every time the Sikhs came into view. Those that decided to resist were met with ruthlessness. During this time, the word was spread around that the Sikhs did not harm elderly people, women and children and that the local men who did not wish to earn wrath of the Sikhs should wear the garb of Punjabi women, which was the Salwar-Kameez. At that time in our history both men and women alike, wore only a single-robe garment (similar to that worn by the Arabs) and the Sikhs would not harm any man either when wearing the Salwar-Kameez.
So you see, our men happily adopted the garb of Punjabi women since they were too terrified to stand up and they have adopted the garb as being theirs’ ever since. I am very intrigued to see that you are following in the footsteps of your ancestors by wearing the adopted Punjabi women’s garb as your own, but now go around preaching and coercing our women as to how they should be living their lives! I suggest that take a deep look inside yourselves, given this historical perspective.”
Reproduced from ‘Nishaan Nagaara’, a magazine published by The Nagaara Trust, III/2009, p. 45.
Every time people have set out to buy FREEDOM they have had to pay a very heavy price for it, at least most of the times.
And many of them have even paid the ultimate price( viz. death) and yet, ended up never having it!!
But the fortunate ones benefit from the sacrifices of their comrades and earlier generations, to relish the benefits of Freedom (at least for a lifetime if not for generations)!!
Almost every time when a new nation is born or a new regime comes to power or a new government is formed the foundation of its manifesto has been Freedom and Liberty.
But for reasons deciphered or not yet deciphered by the human race these promises tend to fade away with time. Leading to their ouster in the worst of manners and in process paving a way for yet another revolution. Without fail, and every time, something goes amiss in between!! Making it a vicious cycle of ‘revolutions’!!
So i feel, as of now, there’s no disputing this Thomas Jefferson quote : “Every generation needs a new revolution.”
Jai ho Baba Jefferson!!
-The Libyan Revolution
An excerpt from Khushwant Singh’s book
” The reason which prompted Gobing Singh to introduce forms and symbols has never been adequately explained. Neither he nor any of his contemporaries throw any light on the subject. Some of the symbolism is, however, intelligible in its historical background.
The ceremony of baptism at which these vows were taken consisted of drinking sweetened water out of a common bowl. This was obviously intended to break the orthodox Hindu practise of regarding anything touched by a person of lower caste as polluted. Sikhs were recruited from all castes and dranks the baptismal water as nectar (amrit). The use of ‘Singh’ as a name was a step in the same direction. Since an individual’s caste can be ascertained by his family name, with its abolition ‘Singhs’ became one family. Besides being casteless, the name Singh had psychological value of a militant community.
Rules regarding abstinence from alcohol and tobacco are matters of personal ethics known to other religious codes. Sikhs have become more particular about tobacco, as abstinence from smoking together with the wearing of long hair and beards have in fact become the only thing which distinguishes them from Hindus. The provision against eating kosher meat (halal), where the animal is killed by being slowly bled to death, was both a protest against the cruelty to animals and refusal to eat meat slaughtered by muslim butchers over which a passage of Koran had been read.
The carrying of the Kirpan and wearing of Kachha were rules of discipline for soldiers. The kachha was in all probability the Punjabi fighters uniform, unlike the loose and cumbersome dhoti of the peasant. Prohibition of carnal intercourse with Muslims was introduced to safeguard the person of women from molestation when Sikh bands raided Muslim towns and villages.
Several theories have been advanced to explain the innovation of growing hair and the beard. It has been suggested that this was not an innovation at all and that Guru Gobind Singh’s predecessors had all confirmed to the tradition of Indian ascetics, who never cut their hair or beards. By making it obligatory for his followers, The Guru intended to emphasize the ideal of ascetic saintliness which he enjoyed upon his followers. He wanted them to be saint-soldiers. Another version is that, prior to launching on this venture, Gobind had spent a long time invoking the blessings of Durga, the Hindu goddess of destruction. Since she was always potrayed with long unshorn tresses, the Guru believed that in deferance to his patron goddess he and his followers should also leave their hair unshorn.
A simpler and more plausible explanation is that in preparing his men for action against the Muslims, Guru Gobind Singh had to take account of the somewhat awesome aspect of the hirsute tribesmen from th North-west Frontier, who kept their long hair loose on their shoulders and let their beards grow. He made it a rule for his followers to do likewise so that appearance would no longer terrify. It is also likely that by having his followers wear emblems which made them easily recognizable, the Guru wanted to raise a body of men who would not be able to deny their faith when questioned, but whose external appearance would invite persecution and breed courage to resist it.
The carring of the comb (kungha) in the hair is complementary t growing the hair long. It usually consists of a small two-square-inch comb under the turban. The steel bangle (kara) is said to be symbolic of restraint and is worn on the right hand like a ‘moral handcuff’. Historically the kara can be traced to the practise of tying chains on the wrists of soldiers before they went to battle.
Gobind Singh completed the religious facet of Sikhism. He turned the innocuous band of pacifists into armed crusaders. Those who did not accept his innovations of forms and symbols remained just Sikhs, usually described as Sahajdharis or ‘those who take time’ ; those who did, became the Khalsa. “
*Khushwant Singh asserts the moral right to be identified as the author of this work.
Gurdas Mann, the divinely blessed, speaking out poigantly about our society.
Beautiful Song with wonderful Lyrics.